Befuddled Soviet riflemen floundering via deep snow and sub-0 temperatures while they iced up to dying. Russian tanks and their hapless crews were set ablaze by Molotov cocktails. Soviet paratroopers are leaping from airplanes with our parachutes, hoping a snowbank would cushion their fall. Those are the iconic pictures of Russia and Finland in conflict. Even though the tale about Soviet paratroopers jumping with our parachutes is a fable, the popular story of the Russo-Finnish war of a David versus Goliath story of outnumbered, however nimble Finnish ski troops zipping around huge but clumsy Soviet divisions. It is a form of a Nordic version of the Confederate narrative of the Civil War, with Jeb Stuart’s cavalry making fools of the inept Yankees.
There is a great deal of truth to this. The Wintry weather warfare of 1939–40, wherein Stalin invaded Finland to seize border territories and probably turn it into a Communist nation, changed into a disaster for the Soviets. The Soviet Union, with a population of two hundred million, should now not conquer 3.7 million Finns without breaking a sweat. However, the Soviet armies, crippled through Stalin’s purges, carried out so abysmally that Hitler—in addition to Britain and France—had been satisfied that the Soviet Union could collapse like a house of cards after the German invasion of June 1941.
But the Soviet debacle of the Winter War isn’t always the give-up of the tale. The Finns were worn down so much sooner or later that they ceded the borderlands to Stalin, but Finland maintained its independence. Also, it won the admiration of an international that noticed a small, democratic country standing up to an aggressive bully. Much less widely recognized is how the Soviets took their revenge in 1944. Even though Finland allied with Nazi Germany quickly after Operation Barbarossa began, in what’s referred to as the Continuation struggle, the Finns were not quite enthusiastic about participating in Hitler’s crusade in opposition to Bolshevism.
Determined to maintain appropriate family members with Britain (which halfheartedly declared war on Finland in December 1941) and sympathetic united states (which by no means did declare conflict), the Finns first of all targeted on regaining its territories misplaced inside the Wintry weather struggle. At the same time, Finland did tentatively strengthen past the 1939 border, which included partnering with the Germans in an abortive day trip to seize the vital Lend-Hire port of Murmansk; the Russo-Finnish front became exceedingly quiet compared to the bloodbaths further south at Moscow and Stalingrad.
Their hesitation turned into practical: the Finns speedy observed that trying to dislodge the Red Military from the forests and lakes of northern Russia became a mile bloodier proposition than defending in opposition to the Pink Navy on Finnish territory. Losing seventy-five thousand casualties between June and December 1941 became a painful reminder that taking down the Russian undergo became too luxurious for the little Arctic fox.
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Too highly priced also became final Hitler’s best friend because the conflict turned towards Germany. After the Germans surrendered at Stalingrad, Finland secretly negotiated with Moscow to leave the warfare. However, by June 1944, the talks had long passed nowhere, and neither had the Finnish navy functionality. “During the warfare, very little had modified concerning the company, equipment or approaches of Finnish forces,” in step with the e-book Finland at War: The Continuation and Lapland Wars 1941–forty-five. “Their weaponry has been slightly modernized via captured Soviet devices or by refitting the usually old objects sold from the Germans.”
The Finnish Navy changed into stuck in 1939. However, the Red Army maximum truly becomes no longer. The Soviet troops that attacked on June 9, 1944, throughout the Karelian Isthmus and Lake Ladoga, near Leningrad, had been a conflict-hardened pressure nicely-ready with contemporary tanks and artillery. “This time, having learned the sour instructions from the Wintry weather war, the Soviets took their assault arrangements seriously,” notes Finland at conflict.
“The operations at the isthmus have been preceded by using a thorough reconnaissance segment and making plans. The Soviets used the identical approaches that had decimated the Germans. On a narrow front, they massed Two hundred and sixty thousand guys, 630 tanks, and seven,500 weapons in twenty-four infantry divisions backed with the aid of numerous tank and artillery formations and extra as a thousand aircraft. The Finns had just 40-4 thousand men at the front traces of the offensive and another thirty-Two thousand in reserve, armed with just a few tanks and obsolete antitank guns. The defenses on the front line were well known to Stavka [the Soviet high command] even as spies and enormous aerial photography provided facts about positions deep in the back of the strains.”
Ever for the reason that war of Kursk in July 1943, the German armies at the Japanese front were relentlessly pushed returned by Soviet offensive after Soviet offensive. If Hitler’s SS panzer divisions couldn’t prevent the Russian steamroller, neither may want the Finns, who retreated lower back to their fortified traces. In 1940, the Mannerheim Line stymied the Soviets. By 1944, cracking fortifications had become a recurring method for the Crimson Navy.